Twenty-five Vulture nests are currently being protected by the Cambodian Vulture Conservation Project's (CVCP) nest protection team. So far this year, 16 White-rumped Vulture nests have been located and protected across the country; most of these are well-known colonies, but a new colony was found in southern Preah Vihear Province late last year. This means that the number of breeding White-rumped Vultures is higher than last year. A new colony of Slender-billed Vultures has been located in Stung Treng Province, which means that eight nests are currently being protected for this species, the highest total since the project started in 2004. Red-headed Vulture nests are difficult to find as they do not breed in colonies; only one nest has been located so far this year.
All of these nests are protected as part of the nest protection project developed by WCS in Cambodia. Under the program, local people and contracted community rangers locate nests across the CVCP sites. Rewards of up to $5 are offered to local people for reporting a nest, with nest protectors receiving a further $2.50 per day until the chicks successfully fledge. The community rangers are villagers that are given seasonal or annual contracts specifically to find and monitor bird nests. Usually only 1-2 people per village are selected based on existing knowledge of wildlife and the forest; many were previously hunters.