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Monitoring of Large Waterbirds at Prek Toal, Tonle Sap Great Lake 2009
The Prek Toal bird colonies are the only remaining breeding site in South-east Asia for two Globally Threatened species, Spot-billed Pelican Pelecanus philippensis and Milky Stork Mycteria cinerea. They are also the largest remaining site for six more Globally Threatened or Near-threatened species, namely the Oriental Darter Anhinga melanogaster, Lesser Adjutant Leptoptilus javanicus, Greater Adjutant Leptoptilus dubius, Black-headed Ibis Threskiornis melanocephalus, Painted Stork Mycteria leucocephala and Grey-headed Fish Eagle (Ichthyophaga ichthyaetus). In 2003 a comprehensive monitoring program was put in place, aiming to monitor the population size and detect the annual population trends of the above mentioned key species at Prek Toal. This report presents the result from the 2008/09 colony monitoring work.
The Status and Conservation of Asian Elephants in the Seima Biodiversity Conservation Area, Cambodia
The Seima Biodiversity Conservation Area (SBCA) is a globally important area for biodiversity conservation located in eastern Cambodia. Established in 2002 and managed by the Forestry Administration it is the site of a long-term conservation program of the Wildlife Conservation Society (WCS) – Cambodia Program. The vision of the area is “a well-managed forest landscape that supports increasing wildlife populations and improving livelihoods for the people who currently live there”. This is to be achieved by a combination of protected areas management, engaging local stakeholders and programs to stabilise land-use. The results of this study form the first robust defensible estimate of elephant population size for Cambodia, and only the second such estimate for the Lower Mekong region. The SBCA elephant population was found to be larger than expected and is probably part of a metapopulation with elephants moving between the SBCA and other areas of elephant habitat in Mondulkiri and possibly beyond. The SBCA elephant population is therefore of regional importance particularly because it is not yet isolated (in contrast to many other Southeast Asian elephant populations) and because extensive areas of elephant habitat remain in Mondulkiri suggesting that with effective protection the province’s elephant populations could increase significantly. There are few other places with such potential in Southeast Asia. The results have shown that the new techniques of fecal DNA based capture–recapture surveys are feasible and informative for the low-density elephant populations typical of Cambodia and elsewhere in Asia as well as in Africa.
Tmatboey Community-based Ecotourism Project, Cambodia
The Northern Plains of Cambodia is an area of exceptional importance for biodiversity conservation due to the unique assemblage of endangered wildlife found in the deciduous dipterocarp forests. Local people live in small scattered villages and depend heavily on rain-fed rice field agriculture and natural resources for their livelihoods. Two of the wildlife species present – the Giant and Whiteshouldered Ibises – are amongst the rarest birds in the world and are highly sought after by international bird-watchers and naturalists. Combined with the Northern Plains’ accessibility from Cambodia’s main tourism destination of Angkor, at Siem Reap, this makes the area of high potential for ecotourism. Encouraged by a high initial level of demand, WCS has supported a communitybased ecotourism project since 2004 at Tmatboey village in Kulen Promtep Wildlife Sanctuary.
WCS Cambodia Newsletter, January 2017
This WCS monthly newsletter contains articles on the Royal Turtle, Sarus Cranes, Grassland ecosystem, and White-shouldered Ibis.
Bird Nest Protection Program in the Northern Plains of Cambodia
Direct payments for conservation – payments for an environmental service – were proposed by Ferraro (2001) as an effective tool for delivering conservation outcomes. This case study describes a direct payment program that was established for nine Globally Threatened bird species in the Northern Plains of Cambodia, including five listed as Critically Endangered. All nine species were heavily threatened by collection of eggs and chicks from nesting sites for consumption or trade. Under the program, local people were offered conditional payments if they successfully protected nests until the chicks fledged.
Bird Nest Protection Program in the Northern Plains of Cambodia
Direct payments for conservation – a payment for an environmental service – were proposed by Ferraro (2001) as an effective tool for delivering conservation outcomes. This case study describes a direct payment program that was established for nine Globally Threatened bird species in the Northern Plains of Cambodia, including five listed as Critically Endangered. All nine species were heavily threatened by collection of eggs and chicks from nesting sites for consumption or trade. Under the program, local people were offered conditional payments if they successfully protected nests until the chicks fledged. Since the program’s inception in 2002, it has protected more than 1,550 nests and expanded to cover 21 villages over an area greater than 4,000 km2 of habitat. Annual payments exceed $30,000, of which 71-78% is made directly to local people, many of whom live on less than $1 per day. The average annual payments per protector, $80-$160, are therefore significant in comparison with other forms of local cash income. This case study demonstrates that direct payments can be a highly effective and cost-efficient approach to deliver conservation outcomes in a manner that also supports local livelihoods.
2020 KSWS key species status report_WCS Cambodia_Final
Status of key species in Keo Seima Wildlife Sanctuary 2010-2020
KSWS Leaflet_EN
KSWS Brochure_KH
KSWS REDD+ Newsletter_No 20_Jul-Sept 2020
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