The Bengal Florican (Houbaropsis bengalensis) is a large grassland bird that is Critically Endangered with extinction, due to rapid habitat loss and hunting. It occurs patchily from India to Vietnam, with the majority of the world's population breeding around the Tonle Sap Great Lake. It is therefore one of the highest priorities for species conservation in Cambodia.
The Cambodian government has established six protected areas to safeguard the Bengal Florican, totaling more than 310 km2, within the Tonle Sap grasslands. These areas are called Bengal Florican Conservation Areas (BFCAs). These BFCAs benefit both wildlife and local communities, whilst leaving room for intensive development activities elsewhere. A partnership of NGOs and government agencies is working to establish management systems for these BFCAs.